Michael Linton's Bayeux Tapestry: 1066 - A Medieval Mosaic and Puzzles
BATTLE ABBEY ROLL.
ACCOUNT OF THE NORMAN LINEAGES.
IN THREE VOLUMES.—VOL. III
JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET.
PRINTED BY WILLIAM CLOWES AND SONS, LIMITED,
STAMFORD STREET AND CHARING CROSS.
This electronic edition
was prepared by
Michael A. Linton, 2007
Some say this family is named from the town of St. Quentin, the capital of Lower Picardy; others derive it from another St. Quentin, near Coutances, in the Cotentin. "Wido de St. Quentin, temp. William I. granted lands to Cerisy on assuming the monastic habit (Mon. i. 960): and his son Alured gave lands to the same abbey. The latter was brother of Hugo, one of the Conqueror's companions, who held lands in Essex and Dorset in capite 1086; also in Hants. He had 1. Robert, who joined in the conquest of Glamorgan, 1090, and whose descendants sat in parliament as barons: 2. William, mentioned in Normandy in 1120: 3. Herbert, who held estates in Lincoln and York 1149 (Mon. ii. 198). He had issue Walter and Alan (Ibid. i. 474). Hence the St. Quintins, baronets."—The Norman People. It is not, however, from Robert, the elder of the three brothers, who was one of Robert Fitz Hamon's "Douze Peres" of Glamorgan, that the Barons St. Quintin are generally derived, but from Herbert, the youngest. He was seated in Dorsetshire, where he held under the Earl of Gloucester, and gave his name to Frome St. Quintin. In 1110 and 1112 he (or more probably a son of the same name) held twenty fees in the counties of Somerset, Dorset, and Wilts. Though his descendants were so frequently, and indeed most usually, termed barons," the first of them actually summoned to parliament was another Herbert, in the time of Edward I. He proved the last of the line, for his wife Margery, the sister and coheir of Warine de L'Isle, brought him only two daughters. Elizabeth, the elder of these, who was the wife of Lord Grey of Rotherfield, had no children; and thus the whole inheritance came to her sister Lora, who was three times married. Her first husband was Thomas de Poole; her second, John Clinton; her third, a brother of Lord Marmion, by whom she had an only daughter, Elizabeth, her heir. Elizabeth, married Lord Fitz Hugh; and the representation passed through her grand-daughter, another Elizabeth, to the Parrs, and through Queen Katherine Parr's elder sister Anne to the Earls of Pembroke, in whom the barony is now believed to be vested. But none of Herbert St. Quintin's posterity bore the title, and the writ was at best a doubtful one. Two fine brasses of the size of life, representing Sir Herbert (the father of the first Lord) and his wife Lora de Fauconberg, remain in the chancel of Brandburton Church, Holderness. They lie on a large blue marble slab, both in the attitude of prayer; but—probably in allusion to some forgotten legend—he holds a heart in one hand.
A junior branch of this house survived till 1795. It was very remotely connected with the baronial line, for its ancestor—one of the numerous Sir Herberts—was the son of Amatellus, styled Baron St. Quintin in the days of Coeur de Lion. He married a great Yorkshire heiress, the sister of Anselm d'Estouteville, by whom he had several sons, and to Alexander, one of the younger of these, his mother gave Harpham, ever after the seat of his descendants. As long as they themselves continued, they never migrated from their early home in East Yorkshire, and they must have held it for upwards of five centuries.
"Sir Alexander, the first Lord of Harpham, took to wife Margery of the Blanch Minster, a daughter of the Justiciar William de Albini (I am here quoting the pedigree given in Poulson's History of Holderness, though I confess myself unable to identify this father-in-law), who gave him nine sons and two daughters. From this time the descents and intermarriages are carried down without a break, but with few other events to chronicle, to Sir William St. Quintin, who received a baronetcy from Charles I. in 1641. With the fourth baronet, who died towards the end of the last century, the succession was brought to a close, and the line expired. His three brothers had died young, and his own marriage was childless.
Staunton St. Quintin in Gloucestershire is, as far as I know, the only manor that still bears the name.
- ↑"Nicholas does not consider this writ a regular summons to parliament, nor the person summoned under it a baron of the realm, because none of the higher temporal nobility, nor any of the spiritual peers, were included in it; nor was there any day fixed for the meeting."—Burke.