"Marvelous. We are overcome. Well done!!" - England

Michael Linton's Bayeux Tapestry: 1066 - A Medieval Mosaic and Puzzles

Medieval Mosaic







This electronic edition
was prepared by
Michael A. Linton, 2007

Coluile :

from Colleville, near Bayeux. "Guillaume de Colleville" is on the Dives Roll, and held lands in Yorkshire (Domesday). His son of the same name was Lord of Colleville t. Henry I., holding of Ranulph the Viscount and the Church of Bayeux (Memoires de la Societe des Antiquaires de la Normandie). This second William's eldest son, Philip, was in arms against King Stephen at York, and obliged to take refuge in Scotland, where he witnessed a charter of Malcolm IV. to Dunfermline Abbey before 1154, and was one of the hostages given for the release of William the Lion in 1174. The first possessions he obtained in his new country were in Roxburghshire; but his grandson, Sir William de Coleville, settled at Morham in East Lothian; and it would seem to have been the latter's daughter, Eustacia, the wife of Sir Reginald Chene, who, according to Nisbett's Heraldry, was "the heir of the principal house of Colvill." Sir John de Colevyle—how nearly related we are not informed—held Oxnam (Oxenham) in Roxburghshire, and Uchiltree or Ochiltree in Ayrshire, in the time of Alexander III. (1249-1285); and his descendants were styled, first of the former, and afterwards of the latter place. In 1449 Sir Richard de Colville set upon James Auchinlech, with whom he had a private feud, and slew him and several of his retainers. Auchinlech had been "a near friend" to the powerful Earl of Douglas, and the Earl solemnly swore to be revenged. Collecting his followers, he ravaged Colville's lands, laid siege to his castle, captured and plundered it, and put all that it contained—its lord included—to the sword. Sir James Colville, of Easter Wemyss (for which his grandfather had exchanged Ochiltree), who served with "no small reputation" under Henry of Navarre in the French wars, and obtained a grant of the lands of Culross Abbey, was created Lord Colville of Culross in 1609. In his old age, he went back to France, and appeared at Court in the antiquated uniform he had worn in the wars, to the surprise—and probably the derision—of the courtiers; but the King knew his old comrade at once, and came forward to embrace him. His latter years were chiefly passed at his seat at Tillicoultry, where he had a favourite walk along a beautiful terrace, and a favourite seat under a thorn-tree, whose venerable trunk still keeps its place there. One day in the year 1620, that the old soldier, standing under this tree, was discoursing of his campaigns, and "living his battles o'er again" with all the fire and animation of early days, he fell back over the sloping bank of this terrace, and was killed on the spot. The line failed with his successor, and the title reverted to the descendants of his uncle as heirs general; but for several generations they did not assume it. At last, after an interval of more than one hundred years, John Colville, an officer in the army, was served heir to the second Lord Colville of Culross in 1722, and was the immediate ancestor of the present and eleventh Lord.

The grandfather of the first Lord had left an illegitimate son, on whom he bestowed much of his property, including the barony of Cleish; and the great grandson of the latter, Robert Colville of Cleish, was created Lord Colville of Ochiltree by Charles II. His nephew and great nephew succeeded him, and with them the title appears to have become extinct.

The existing English family claim descent from a brother (Burke will have it an elder brother) of the Philip de Colville who went to Scotland in the twelfth century, named Gilbert. Dugdale, however, does not notice this Gilbert (whom, in fact, I find mentioned only in the pedigree given by Sir Bernard), but passes on to give some account of William de Colville, who 10 Ric. I. held fifteen knight's fees in Lincolnshire. In the next reign he was in arms against the King, and excommunicated by the Pope; and in 1216 taken prisoner at Lincoln. "Whereupon Maud, his Wife, being sollicitous for his Redemption, obtain'd Letters of Safe-conduct to come to the King, for treating with him to that purpose; and thereby making his Composition, had the King's Precept to William Earl of Albemarle, to render his Castle of Bitham, in Com. Lincoln, which had been seised for that Transgression." His son Robert, who had also sided with the barons, and been sent by them, with Roger de Jarponville, to treat of peace with the King, was taken prisoner in the same year by Falk de Breant; and the next heir, Walter, "of no less turbulent Spirit," again rose in rebellion, and was imprisoned, as his father and grandfather had been before him. He was one of "the fiery-spirited Men" that fought under the banner of Simon de Montfort; but surrendered at Kenilworth, and was allowed to compound for his lands. He died in 1276, and with him the vicissitudes of his family were brought to a close. His grandson, Edmund, acquired Weston-Colville in Cambridgeshire, through Margaret de Ufford, his wife; and his great grandson, Robert, who served in Edward III.'s French wars, was a baron by writ in 1342. This barony expired with Robert's grandson, at whose death no nearer heirs were to be found to his estate than the descendants of Robert's great aunts, the two sisters of Edmund de Colville. Elizabeth, the eldest, was represented by Ralph Basset; and Alice, by John Gernon.

Though the barony had thus come to an end, there was still a collateral branch of the house "of great antiquity in Cambridgeshire. Sir Henry de Colville was Sheriff of Hunts and Cambridge 35 Henry III. Philip de Colville, 53 do. defended the castle of Gloucester against that King's son, and had a pardon the same year."—Blomfield's Norfolk. They had been early enfeoffed of Carlton Colville, in Suffolk; and Sir Henry's son, Sir Roger (who first assumed the lion rampant since borne by the family) obtained a market and fair there in 1267. He had been Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk the preceding year. "He was," says Suckling, "a person of tyrannical and arbitrary character. Upon the return of Edward I. from the Holy Land, he was charged with an undue exercise of his right of free-warren, raising a weir in the river and appropriating it to his own use, extorting money, &c. There is a charter extant which shows the vast estate possessed by this family in Carlton and its neighbourhood. Carlton Hall passed away from them early in the fourteenth century, when they retired to estates obtained by marriage with the heiress of De Marisco in West Norfolk and Cambridgeshire." This Desiderata de Marisco was the wife of the next Sir Roger, styled "the rapacious knight," of Caxton in Cambridgeshire, to whom she also brought Newton Colville in Norfolk, which became the principal residence of their descendants for nearly five hundred years. One of them was killed in France in the wars of Edward III.; another, a devoted loyalist in the Great Rebellion, was one of the intended knights of the Royal Oak. Like most Cavalier families, they probably suffered in purse what they gained in reputation. At last, in 1792, Robert Colville sold the old place in Norfolk that had been so long their homestead; and Newton Hall was pulled down. His son, Sir Charles, married a Derbyshire heiress, who brought him Duffield Hall and Lullington, near Burton-on-Trent, their present seat.

The Colvilles were formerly to be met with in several other counties. They were "the most ancient possessors of land that are recorded at Ancroft, in Northumberland."—Mackenzie. Thomas de Colville, of Eversley, or Ifferley, in Yorkshire, granted lands to Byland Abbey (Burton, Mon. Ebor 72). Of him probably came the Colevilles of the Dale, who took their name from a narrow valley and hamlet buried among the moors of the Cleveland Hills, about two miles north of Old Byland. Many of them lie buried in Byland Abbey. In the time of Edward I., William de Coleville held one-half a knight's fee at "Engleby-juxta-Arncliffe" of Walter de Fauconberg, Lord of Skipton.—Kirkby's Inquest. Sir Robert de Coleville (probably his son), who was concerned in the death of Gaveston, married the heiress of the Ingelrams, of Arncliffe, and obtained license from Edward II. to enclose two thousand two hundred acres for his park there. A mutilated effigy in the church is supposed to be his; the arms of Coleville, Or, three torteauxes above a fesse Gules, are on the stone. One of his successors, "that most furious knight and valorous enemy, Sir John Colevile of the Dale," took part in the rising of the Percies and Archbishop Scrope, and was beheaded at Berwick. Shakespeare introduces him, as the prisoner of Falstaff, in his Henry IV. (Part II., Act IV.: Scene 3):—

"Prince John. Is thy name Colevile?
Colevile. It is, my lord.
Prince John. A famous rebel art thou, Colevile.
Falstaff. And a famous good subject took him,
Colevile. I am, my lord, but as my betters are,
That led me hither; had they been ruled by me,
You should have won them dearer than you have."

His grand-daughter Joan, the wife of Sir William Mauleverer, became the heiress of the family, for his great grandson, another John, who married Sir Piers Tilliol's daughter, died s. p.